Making knowledge stick

How and why retrieval practice improves results

Retrieval Practice: free guide

In the jam-packed, knowledge-rich GCSE curriculum, covering all the content can be a struggle. Even the best taught topics can be entirely forgotten in a matter of weeks, leaving students struggling when it comes to exam time.

It is for this reason that many teachers have started adopting retrieval practice (sometimes known as the testing effect): using the science behind the way our brains store information to ensure their students can recall much more, for much longer.


“Assessment of course has many uses, but it doesn’t have to result in mountains of data in order to have value. Regular low-stakes testing, like quizzes, can be helpful for consolidating learning...

Amanda Spielman, Ofsted Chief Inspector


Get the guide

To help you understand and implement retrieval practice, we have created a free guide which introduces the research behind the practice and the most effective methods for using it to enhance teaching in your department.

Read this guide if you want to:

  • Find out why your students forget so much of what they are taught
  • Develop strategies to ensure that learning is stored in students' long-term memory
  • Improve your students' knowledge retention and exam performance

Read time: 10 minutes

Fill in this form to download the guide:
{"id":"45","label":"Retrieval Practice Guide","active":"1","original_id":"1","unique_id":"wefj2","params":{"enableForMembership":"0","tpl":{"width":"100","width_measure":"%","bg_type_0":"color","bg_img_0":"","bg_color_0":"","bg_type_1":"color","bg_img_1":"","bg_color_1":"#606060","bg_type_2":"color","bg_img_2":"","bg_color_2":"#ff5f11","bg_type_3":"color","bg_img_3":"","bg_color_3":"#ff5f11","field_error_invalid":"","form_sent_msg":"<h3>Thank you.<\/h3> <p> The guide should open in a new window, or you can launch it by using the button below: <\/p><div style=\"display: inline-block; border: 2px solid #ff5f11; border-radius: 5px; padding: 10px; background: linear-gradient(to top,#ff5f11,#ff5f11);\"><a href=\" https:\/\/www.doddlelearn.co.uk\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/05\/Making-Knowledge-Stick-Guide-to-How-and-Why-Retrieval-Practice-Improves-Results.pdf\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><span style=\"color: #ffffff;\">Download the guide<\/span><\/a><\/div>","form_sent_msg_color":"#444444","hide_on_submit":"1","redirect_on_submit":"https:\/\/www.doddlelearn.co.uk\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/05\/Making-Knowledge-Stick-Guide-to-How-and-Why-Retrieval-Practice-Improves-Results.pdf","redirect_on_submit_new_wnd":"1","test_email":"support@boardworks.co.uk","save_contacts":"1","exp_delim":";","fb_convert_base":"","pub_post_type":"post","pub_post_status":"publish","reg_wp_create_user_role":"subscriber","sub_dest":"wp_subscribe","sub_wp_create_user_role":"subscriber","sub_mailchimp_api_key":"","sub_mailchimp_groups_full":"","sub_aw_c_key":"","sub_aw_c_secret":"","sub_ac_api_url":"","sub_ac_api_key":"","sub_ar_form_action":"","sub_ck_api_key":"","sub_feedb_key":"","sub_gr_api_key":"","sub_gr_cycle_day":"0","sub_ic_app_id":"","sub_ic_app_user":"","sub_ic_app_pass":"","sub_mem_acc_id":"","sub_mem_pud_key":"","sub_mem_priv_key":"Devlin22","sub_sf_app_id":"","sub_sga_id":"","sub_sga_list_id":"","sub_sga_activate_code":"","sub_sb_api_key":"","sub_txt_confirm_sent":"Confirmation link was sent to your email address. Check your email!","sub_txt_success":"Thank you for subscribing!","sub_txt_invalid_email":"Empty or invalid email","sub_txt_exists_email":"Empty or invalid email","sub_redirect_url":"","sub_txt_confirm_mail_subject":"Confirm subscription on [sitename]","sub_txt_confirm_mail_from":"","sub_txt_confirm_mail_message":"You subscribed on site <a href=\"[siteurl]\">[sitename]<\/a>. Follow <a href=\"[confirm_link]\">this link<\/a> to complete your subscription. If you did not subscribe here - just ignore this message.","sub_txt_subscriber_mail_subject":"[sitename] Your username and password","sub_txt_subscriber_mail_from":"","sub_txt_subscriber_mail_message":"Username: [user_login]<br \/>Password: [password]<br \/>[login_url]","sub_redirect_email_exists":"","field_wrapper":"<div [field_shell_classes] [field_shell_styles]>[field]<\/div>"},"fields":[{"bs_class_id":"12","value":"<strong>Fill in this form to download the guide:<\/strong>","html":"htmldelim","mandatory":"0"},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"name","label":"","placeholder":"Name","value":"","value_preset":"","html":"text","mandatory":"1","min_size":"","max_size":"","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","vn_only_number":"0","vn_only_letters":"0","vn_pattern":"0","vn_equal":"","icon_class":"","icon_size":"","icon_color":"","terms":""},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"school_name","label":"","placeholder":"School Name","value":"","value_preset":"","html":"text","mandatory":"1","min_size":"","max_size":"","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","vn_only_number":"0","vn_only_letters":"0","vn_pattern":"","vn_equal":"","icon_class":"","icon_size":"","icon_color":"","terms":""},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"jobtitle","label":"","placeholder":"Job title","value":"","value_preset":"","html":"text","mandatory":"1","min_size":"","max_size":"","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","vn_only_number":"0","vn_only_letters":"0","vn_pattern":"","vn_equal":"","icon_class":"","icon_size":"","icon_color":"","terms":""},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"email","label":"","placeholder":"Email","value":"","value_preset":"","html":"email","mandatory":"1","min_size":"","max_size":"","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","vn_only_number":"0","vn_only_letters":"0","vn_pattern":"0","vn_equal":"","icon_class":"","icon_size":"","icon_color":"","terms":""},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"subject","label":"Your department","value":"","value_preset":"","html":"selectbox","mandatory":"1","label_delim":"","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","icon_class":"","icon_size":"","icon_color":"","terms":"","options":[{"name":"Please Select","label":"Please Select"},{"name":"Science","label":"Science"},{"name":"Maths","label":"Maths"},{"name":"English","label":"English"},{"name":"MFL","label":"MFL"},{"name":"ICT and Computing","label":"ICT and Computing"},{"name":"Geography","label":"Geography"},{"name":"History","label":"History"},{"name":"Art and Design","label":"Art and Design"},{"name":"Business ","label":"Business "},{"name":"Citizenship","label":"Citizenship"},{"name":"Design and Technology","label":"Design and Technology"},{"name":"Drama","label":"Drama"},{"name":"Music","label":"Music"},{"name":"PE","label":"PE"},{"name":"PSHEE","label":"PSHEE"},{"name":"RS","label":"RS"},{"name":"Other","label":"Other"}]},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"_utm","label":"UTM Data","placeholder":"","value":"","value_preset":"","html":"hidden","mandatory":"0","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","terms":""},{"bs_class_id":"12","name":"download","label":"Get the guide","html":"submit","add_classes":"","add_styles":"","add_attr":"","icon_class":"","icon_size":"","icon_color":"","terms":""}],"opts_attrs":{"bg_number":"4"}},"img_preview":"base-contact.jpg","views":"21775","unique_views":"8742","actions":"1451","sort_order":"0","is_pro":"0","ab_id":"0","date_created":"2019-04-05 07:57:40","img_preview_url":"https:\/\/supsystic-42d7.kxcdn.com\/_assets\/forms\/img\/preview\/base-contact.jpg","view_id":"45_24289","view_html_id":"cspFormShell_45_24289","connect_hash":"2d73af81f668865e1c2a7966fd7c4dda"}
Want your students to understand how testing helps them learn?

Use our free retrieval practice resources:

Webinar: Implementing retrieval practice

We know that implementing new strategies in your department can be a difficult task.

If you want to reap the rewards of retrieval practice without putting extra workload on your teachers, see how Doddle's self-marking quizzes can help.

Watch our free webinar to see how you can improve your students' knowledge retention by making low-stakes testing a part of your strategy next year.


The sooner that students adopt retrieval practice as part of their study strategy repertoire, and teachers do the same as part of their teaching repertoire, the sooner they can reap the rewards of more efficient and more effective long-term learning.

Pooja K. Agarwal et al (2014), Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition



By submitting your details you agree that we will add you to the group of teachers we email from time to time about Doddle and related products. You can unsubscribe from these communications at any time by clicking the 'Unsubscribe' link.

Photo credit: “Students in a science lesson” © DGLimages